The antimicrobial substance is used in the textile industry in treating textile to prevent rotting especially in hot climate regions like the tropics (Shahidi & Wiener, 2012). Commonly, the use of antimicrobial agents is in clothes, which are for outdoor purposes like in the healthcare sector, sport, and leisure. Typically, antimicrobial agents used in textiles include silver ions, quaternary ammonium compounds, polyhexamethylene biguanides, triclosan, or chitosan (Hoefer & Hammer (2011). The application of antimicrobial agents to textiles is by direct addition to the fiber spinning dope, foaming technique, spraying and coating. Silver is the commonly used in the antimicrobial since it has the ability to interrupt the bacteria’s of the ability to form the various chemical bonds which are essential for their survival.
The use of an antimicrobial in the medical world is with a purpose of eliminating pathogens in skin antisepsis and disinfection . There has been a concern about the effect of antimicrobial on consumers since the public use cloths with the agents with little information. Nevertheless, research carried out by Shahidi & Wiener (2012) shows that human skin microflora is generally stable towards destabilization by exogenous factors. In common scenario, the excessive use of an antimicrobial has effects on the skin as it causes exfoliation, infections, frequent showering or regular utilization of skin care products. However, the same effect was not seen in users of undershirt with silver antimicrobial agents in their clothes. Additionally, consumers of undershirt did not exhibit any resistance to antibiotics as expected.
The minimal effect of antimicrobial in the human beings skins is because of silver, which when it meets with bacteria it literally falls apart. Silver in the antimicrobial, unlike some other metals, is not toxic to humans. The process of treatment of antimicrobial is by immersing the antimicrobial cotton in silver nano particles solutions and then subjected to a curing process for allowing the nano particles to adhere to the cotton.