Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
Sweating is an essential phenomenon in our body. It helps maintain a normal body temperature, to release toxins from our body and to cool our body. Some people tend to sweat abnormally, at inappropriate times, far more than the required amount needed to maintain normal body temperature or at times when the body doesn’t need any cooling. This condition is called Hyperhidrosis.
People are suffering from hyperhidrosis sweat excessively only in certain parts of the body. Armpit, feet, face and hands are the most commonly affected parts. The rest of the body remains dry. It ‘s hard for these people to go about their day to day activities. For example, if they’re writing, their hands start dripping with sweat that the paper gets wet or sometimes their underarms sweat so much that it leaves big sweat patches on their clothes.
The causes of hyperhidrosis have been classified into primary and secondary: Primary Hyperhidrosis – it is a case of hyperhidrosis with no apparent reason. The excessive sweating could be due to anything personal or psychological. It can also be related to genes. Secondary Hyperhidrosis – Unlike primary hyperhidrosis, secondary hyperhidrosis starts suddenly and can affect the whole body. A few triggers of secondary hyperhidrosis are cancer, endocrine problems, pregnancy, menopause, low blood sugar level, obesity, etc.
The common symptoms of hyperhidrosis are having sweaty palms and soles all the time and sweating very frequently. The need to use extra layers of clothing to prevent sweat from soaking your clothes can be a symptom of hyperhidrosis. Skin irritation and bacterial infections due to the sweating is also a symptom.
Having hyperhidrosis can affect a person’s self-esteem drastically. They will always be worried about their clothes being drenched in sweat or some part of their body dripping in sweat. They usually shy away from making physical contact with others due to the embarrassment of excessive sweating. They are overly conscious of their body. Many times the people suffering from hyperhidrosis even go into depression.
Using antiperspirants or other sweat absorbent clothing for the underarms and feet could help. Medications such as iontophoresis, botulinum toxin, anticholinergic drugs, etc. contribute to reducing hyperhidrosis. Surgeries such as sweat gland suction (liposuction) and endoscopic thoracic sympathectomies are used for treating the condition.